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Following variables are used in the country information boxes:

Name Definition Source Year
Population Total estimated population World Bank[1] 2011
Gross Domestic Product Gross Domestic Product World Bank[2] 2011
Sex Ratio The number of males for each female of the total population U.S. CIA, World Factbook[3] 2010
Fertility Rate Average number of children women have in a given population UN data[4] 2011
Life Expectancy Ratio Ratio of female to male life expectancy World Bank 2008 data[5] 2008
Income Ratio Ratio of estimated female to male earned income Based on United Nations Development Fund. Human Development Report. New York: UNDP (2009). 2009
Literacy Ratio Ratio of female to male adult literacy (ages 15 and older) Source: Human Development Report [6] 2009
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio The number of students enrolled in tertiary education, regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age for that level. Female to male ratio (in %) United Nations Development Fund. Human Development Report. New York: UNDP (2006) 2004
Women in Parliaments Seats held by women in a lower or single house or an upper house or senate, where relevant (% of total) United Nations Development Fund. Human Development Report. New York: UNDP (2006) 2004
Human Development Index A composite statistic measuring life expectancy, education and income per capita, used to rank countries by their level of human development. HDI values lie between 0 and 1, representing minimum and maximum possible levels of development International Human Development Indicators[7] 2011
Social Institutions and Gender Index A new composite measure of gender equality, based on the OECD’s Gender, Institutions and Development Database. The SIGI introduces 12 innovative indicators on social institutions, which are grouped into 5 categories: Family Code, Physical Integrity, Son Preference, Civil Liberties and Ownership Rights.
OECD.StatExtracts[8] 2009
Gender Inequality Index A composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market. It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions)
Human Development Report[9] 2010
Gender Equity Index A composite indicator that ranks 157 countries by measuring women's relative economic activity, education and empowerment.[10] 2009
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index A pilot effort to assess the laws, regulations, practices, and attitudes that affect women workers and entrepreneurs. It uses 26 indicators to evaluate every aspect of the economic and social value chain for women, from fertility to retirement. The Economist Intelligence Unit Limited[11] 2010
Global Gender Gap Index The Global Gender Gap Report’s index assesses 134 countries on how well they divide resources and opportunities amongst male and female populations, regardless of the overall levels of these resources. The World Economic Forum[12] 2010


  4. Estimation for 2010-2015,
  6. [Female adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above)], and [Male adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above)]. PNUD.
  7. Human Development Index (HDI) - 2011 Rankings

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