California Proposition 8

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Background

Proposition 8 (or the California Marriage Protection Act) was a ballot proposition and constitutional amendment passed in the November 2008, state elections. The Act stated under the Declaration of Rights, to the California Constitution that "only marriage between a man and a women is valid or recognized in California."[1]
Fresno Prop 8.png

Proposition 8 overturned the California Supreme Court's ruling that same sex couples have the right to marry, It did not change domestic partnerships, or same sex marriages that occurred before November 5, 2008.

Supporters of the amendment insisted that heterosexual marriage was "an essential institutuion of society," and that "leaving the constitution unchanged would teach our kids that marriage is okay." Opposers on the other hand argue that "the freedom to marry is fundamental to our society," that the CA constitution "should guarantee the same freedom and rights to everyone."[2]

The campaigns for and against Proposition 8, raised $39.9 million and 43.4 million respectively. To date, it was the highest-funded campaign on any state ballot, exceeding other campaigns in the country except for the presidential election. Many lawsuits were filed after the California Supreme Court challenged Prop 8.[3]

Supporters of Proposition 8


Politicians


Religious Organizations


Biblical passages referenced in support of Proposition 8:


Schools

Grossmont Union High School District in San Diego County, California, endorsed Prop 8. [9]


Opposers of Proposition 8


Politicians

Religious organizations


Political/Social Organization


Education

Media


Outcome

Judge Vaughn Walker overturned Prop. 8, August 4, 2010 in Perry v. Schwarzenegger. It was a great win for gay rights activists. [13]


References

  1. "Propositions that are on the November 4, 2008 General Election Ballot", California Secretary of State
  2. "California General Election Tuesday November 4th Voter Information Guide". www.sos.ca.gov.. http://voterguide.sos.ca.gov/past/2008/general/argu-rebut/argu-rebutt8.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  3. Egelko, Bob; Bulwa, Demian (August 4, 2010). "Judge strikes down ban on same-sex marriage". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2010/08/04/MNQS1EOR3D.DTL&tsp=1. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
  4. "ProtectMarriage.com". http://www.protectmarriage.com/. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
  5. Gingrich, Newt. "Stop Imperial Judges...Support Proposition 8". Newt Gingrich. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73Q4V8WNF6k. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
  6. "A Statement of the Catholic Bishops of California in Support of Proposition 8". California Catholic Conference. http://www.cacatholic.org. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
  7. "California and Same-Sex Marriage". http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/commentary/california-and-same-sex-marriage. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  8. Jackson Jr., B. H. (2010, August 8). Same-sex will Hurt Families, Society. Retrieved August 8, 2010, from cnn.com: http://www.cnn.com/2010/OPINION/08/07/jackson.same.sex.marriage/index.html
  9. "Resolution for the Endorsement of Proposition 8 – The California Marriage Protection Act" (PDF). Grossmont Union High School District. 2008-07-31. http://portal.guhsd.net/portal/page/portal/GUHSD_SUPER/BOARD/BOARD_DOCS/Resolutions/Support%20of%20Prop%208.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
  10. Obama, Barack (2006-06-07). "Obama Statement on Vote Against Constitutional Amendment to Ban Gay Marriage". Senate. http://obama.senate.gov/press/060607-obama_statement_26/index.php. Retrieved 2008-10-13
  11. "Who Opposes Prop 8?". No On 8, Equality for All. http://www.noonprop8.com/about/who-opposes-prop-8. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
  12. "CA Council of Churches Condemn Court Decision". CA Council of Churches. 2009-05-26. http://www.empoweringspirits.org/DocServer/CA_Council_of_Churches_Prop8.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  13. Egelko, Bob; Bulwa, Demian (August 4, 2010). "Judge strikes down ban on same-sex marriage". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2010/08/04/MNQS1EOR3D.DTL&tsp=1. Retrieved August 4, 2010.


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