UN Security Council Resolution 1325
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security was unanimously adopted during the Namibian Presidency of the Security Council on 31 October 2000. The adoption of 1325 marked the first time the Security Council acknowledged the disproportionate effect of armed conflict on women and the lack of women’s contributions to conflict prevention. It is a watershed political framework that makes women – and a gender perspective – relevant to negotiating peace agreements, planning refugee camps and peacekeeping operations and reconstructing war-torn societies.
4 thematic areas
It has 4 thematic areas that are inter-related:
1. Women participation in decision-making and in peace processes
2. The gender dimension in peace operations
3. Protection of women and girls' rights
4. Transform the gender issue in a transversal axis of the information and application systems of the United Nations
October 2010 marks the 10th anniversary of SCR 1325; an important opportunity to further the implementation of the resolution and analyze the challenges it has faced in its implementation. As of 2010, 18 countries have developed action plans to implement elements of the resolution. Furthermore, SCRs 1820, 1888, and 1889 have been adopted since the adoption of 1325, which now form the framework for Women, Peace, and Security at the UN and provide more tools to implement 1325. Resolution 1889 requested from the Secretary-General a set of indicators to track the implementation of resolution 1325, in order to set up a monitoring system. Indicators were developed in four key areas: women’s participation in conflict prevention and peacemaking, prevention of violence against women, protection of women’s rights during and after conflict, and women’s needs in relief and recovery. The Security Council has voiced its commitment to take action on these indicators on the 10th anniversary of 1325. Actually, indicators are being employed in SCR 1325 national action plans and other national and international actions regarding women, peace, and security.
In spite of progress, 1325 still faces critical impediments to its implementation. There is still little attention given to women’s safety during armed conflict, especially the use of sexual violence as a war tactic, nor the inclusion of women in peacebuilding processes. As such, the gap in inclusive security and the inclusion of women in decision-making and in peacebuilding need to be addressed.
Link to the resolution:
- For the text, annotations and background, see http://www.womenwarpeace.org/frontpage
- UNIFEM 10th Anniversary of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325