Gender Equality in Tanzania

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Tanzania
flag_Tanzania.png
Flag of Tanzania
Population (in Mil.) 47.78
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 38.81
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.99
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.033898305
Fertility Rate 4.16
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.69
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 2.1
Women in Parliament (in %) 36
INDICES
Human Development Index 152/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 47/86
Gender Inequality Index 152/186
Gender Equity Index 97/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 95/128
Global Gender Gap Index 66/68
More information on variables

Overview

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, United Republic of Tanzania has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/tanzania

Key Gender Statistics[1]

Education

  • In 2010, the ratio of female to male primary enrolment was 103%.
  • In 2010, 85% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 82% of boys.
  • There is no recent available data on secondary school enrolment rates.
  • In 2010, 61% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 75% of men.
  • In 2010, women had on average 5 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men.[2]

Health

  • In 2013, there were 7 900 maternal deaths, representing 410 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 121 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • In 2010, 22% of women had an unmet need for family planning.

Employment

  • In 2013, 90% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 91% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
  • In 2013, 80% of women in the labour force were vulnerable employment, compared to 69% of men in the labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.

References

  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.

See Also

External Links


Article Information
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