Gender Equality in Tanzania

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Tanzania
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Flag of Tanzania
Population (in Mil.) 47.78
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 28.25
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.99
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.033898305
Fertility Rate 4.16
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.69
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 2.1
Women in Parliament (in %) 36
INDICES
Human Development Index 152/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 47/86
Gender Inequality Index 152/186
Gender Equity Index 97/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 95/128
Global Gender Gap Index 66/68
More information on variables

In the news

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, United Republic of Tanzania has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/tanzania

The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign

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Key facts

  • CEDAW: ratified in 1985
  • CEDAW Protocol: ratified in 2006
  • Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2007

The Campaign

On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with fove non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.

The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.

Country Focus: Tanzania

Although Tanzania has ratified the main international and regional women’s rights protection instruments, many of their provisions continue to be violated in both law and practice. The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned about the following violations in Tanzania: the persistence of discriminatory laws; violence against women; unequal access to education, employment and health services; and violations of the right to property.

Read more

Sources

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women? 

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Tanzania, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Tanzania
page.

Sources


The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

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The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law 
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information on Tanzania, please visit the report on Tanzania in the http://www.fao.org/gender/landrights/ FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.

Sources


MDG 3.3.3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Goal: "To eliminate gender disparty in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015."[1]


“Several policies have been put in place to foster gender issues. Women and Gender Development Policy aims at reducing inequalities between men and women and specifies issues for particular action, including education of the girl child, ownership and inheritance of property, unbearable cultural prejudices related to nutrition, violence, genital mutilation, as well as job and pay discrimination. The governance cluster of the MKUKUTA develops indicators related to women in senior and responsible position of civil and political decision-making positions in government and in the corporate world (women executives).

Further, the government continues to address other dimension of gender balance in subject specializations, for instance, through the Girls Science Camps at zone level to encourage girls to take science and mathematics subjects. The National Employment Policy of 2007 and the Employment Policy 2008 emphasize equal access to employment opportunities of men and women. The National Employment Creation Program and the Youth Employment Action Plan also aim at ensuring gender balance. The government continues to strengthen its capacity to implement National Policies and Plans of Action on gender equality.“[2]

Challenges yet to overcome include: inadequate gender dissagregated data, risk and vulnerability of HIV and AIDS, low participation of girls in science projects.[2]
  1. [1]]
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.tz.undp.org/docs/MDGprogressreport.pdf

External Links

Case Studies

  • Division of labour on gender equality in Tanzania (The original version of this case study was used in the 2009 OECD Development Co-operation Report as an example of how more effective use of joint assistance strategies can advance development priorities).

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