Gender Equality in Nepal

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Flag of Nepal
Population (in Mil.) 27.50
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 18.85
Sex Ratio (m/f) 0.96
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.045454545
Fertility Rate 2.47
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.41
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 5.6
Women in Parliament (in %) 33.2
Human Development Index 157/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 36/86
Gender Inequality Index 157/186
Gender Equity Index 128/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index /128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Nepal has high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in discriminatory family code and higher discrimination in son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

External Links

Case studies

  • Addressing social exclusion in Nepal (2009 OECD Development Co-operation Report)
  • Support to the Safe Motherhood Programme in Nepal (The original version of this case study was used to demonstrate ownership in the report “Key messages and case studies for the HLF-3 roundtables from the workshop on “Strengthening the development results and impacts of the Paris declaration on aid effectiveness through work on gender equality, social exclusion and human rights”, London, 12-13 March 2008”. It was prepared by the DAC GOVNET’s human rights task team).

The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women? 

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions, using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on Nepal, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law Nepal


The FAO Gender and Landrights Database 
FAO logo.jpg

The FAO Gender and Landrights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information, please visit the report on Nepalin the FAO Gender and Landrights Database.


External Links

Article Information
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