Gender Equality in Madagascar

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Flag of Madagascar
Population (in Mil.) 22.29
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 9.92
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.048387097
Fertility Rate 5.02
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.72
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 3.7
Women in Parliament (in %) 17.5
Human Development Index 151/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 30/86
Gender Inequality Index 151/186
Gender Equity Index 60/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 120/128
Global Gender Gap Index 56/68
More information on variables


Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Madagascar has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here:

Key Gender Statistics[1]


  • There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
  • In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 102%.
  • In 2013, 31% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 30% of boys.
  • There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
  • There is no recent data available on average years of schooling.[2]


  • In 2013, there were 3 500 maternal deaths, representing 440 deaths for 100 000 births.
  • In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 121 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
  • There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.


  • In 2013, 88% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 91% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
  • In 2013, women represented 47% of the total labour force.
  • In 2010, 92% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment, compared to 85% of men in the labour force.
  • There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.


  1. World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), (accessed16 July 2015).
  2. Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0,

See Also

External Links

Article Information
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