Gender Equality in Madagascar
Flag of Madagascar
|Population (in Mil.)||22.29|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||9.92|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||1|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.048387097|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)||0.72|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||3.7|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||17.5|
|Human Development Index||151/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||30/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||151/186|
|Gender Equity Index||60/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||120/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||56/68|
|More information on variables|
- CEDAW: ratified on 17 March 1989 without reservations
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report (2014)
- Maputo Protocol: not ratified
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no National Action Plan
- Ministère de la Population, de la Protection Sociale et de la Promotion de la femme
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Madagascar has low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in discriminatory family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/madagascar
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 102%.
- In 2013, 31% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 30% of boys.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- There is no recent data available on average years of schooling.
- In 2013, there were 3 500 maternal deaths, representing 440 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 121 births per 1 000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 88% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 91% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 47% of the total labour force.
- In 2010, 92% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment, compared to 85% of men in the labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- OECD Development Centre (2015), African Economic Outlook, Country Profiles
- MDG Report 2014: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals
- Make Every Woman Count (2014), African Women's Decade 2010-2020, 2014 Annual Review