Gender-related Development Index
The Gender-related Development Index (GDI) is a composite indicator of gender equality, developed by the United Nations (UN). It is one of the five indicators used by the United Nations Development Programme in its annual Human Development Report (UNDP). It aims to show the inequalities between men and women in the following areas: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living.
Calculating the GDI involves three steps. Step 1: indices between 0 and 1 are calculated for females and males in each of the following areas:
- Life expectancy,
- education (the adult literacy rate and the combined primary to tertiary gross enrollment ratio),
- estimated earned income (at purchasing power parity in US$).
Step 2: For each area, the pair of gender indices, are combined into an Equally Distributed Index that rewards gender equality and penalizes inequality. It is calculated as the harmonic mean of the two indices.
Step 3: The GDI is the unweighted average of the three Equally Distributed Indices: Equally distributed life expectancy index, Equally distributed education index, Equally distributed income index.
- Composite indicator
- Human Development Index
- Human Poverty Index
- Gender Empowerment Measure
- Social Institutions and Gender Index
- Gender Analysis
- Gender Budgeting