Gender Equality in Gambia
Flag of Gambia
|Population (in Mil.)||1.79|
|Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB)||0.91|
|Sex Ratio (m/f)||0.98|
|Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m)||1.052631579|
|Estimated Earned Income (f/m)|
|Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m)||4.1|
|Women in Parliament (in %)||7.5|
|Human Development Index||165/187|
|Social Institutions and Gender Index||76/86|
|Gender Inequality Index||165/186|
|Gender Equity Index||101/168|
|Women’s Economic Opportunity Index||/128|
|Global Gender Gap Index||/68|
|More information on variables|
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Gambia has very high levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in son bias and higher discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/gambia
The Africa for Women's Rights Campaign
- CEDAW : ratified in 1993
- CEDAW Protocol: not signed
- Maputo Protocol: ratified in 2005
On 8 March 2009 the "Africa for Women's Rights" Campaign was launched at the initiative of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in collaboration with five non-governmental regional organisations: the African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies(ACDHRS), Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS), Women’s Aid Collective (WACOL), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) and Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA). These organisations make up the Steering Committee responsible for the coordination of the Campaign.
The Campaign aims to put an end to discrimination and violence against women in Africa, calling on states to ratify international and regional instruments protecting women's rights, to repeal all discriminatory laws, to adopt laws protecting the rights of women and to take all necessary measures to wensure their effective implementation.
Country Focus: Gambia
Although Gambia has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol), it has not yet ratified the Optional Protocol to CEDAW.
The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned by the following violations of women’s human rights in Gambia: the persistence of discriminatory laws; discrimination within the family; violence against women; unequal access to property, education and employment; under-representation in decision-making positions; and lack of access to health services.
- Focal Points: WILDAF-Gambia
- Ligue pour la défense des droits de l’Homme (LDH)
- Recommendations of the CEDAW Committee, July 2005
- Inter-Parliamentary Union, www.ipu.org
- Amnesty International, www.amnestyinternational/benin
- The Africa for Women's Rights campaign
- WILDAF-Gambia, the campaign focal point in Gambia
The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database
The FAO Gender and Land Rights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access is one of the major causes for social and gender inequalities in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.
The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:
- National legal frame
- International treaties and conventions
- Customary law
- Land tenure and related Institutions
- Civil society organizations
- Selected Land Related Statistics
For detailed information on Gambia, please visit the report on Gambia in the FAO Gender and Land Rights Database.