Gender Equality in China

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Flag of China
Population (in Mil.) 1,350.70
Gross Domestic Product (In USD Billions - WB) 8,461.62
Sex Ratio (m/f) 1.06
Life Expectancy Ratio (f/m) 1.027027027
Fertility Rate 1.54
Estimated Earned Income (f/m) 0.64
Tertiary Enrolment Ratio (f/m) 25.9
Women in Parliament (in %) 23.4
Human Development Index 101/187
Social Institutions and Gender Index 42/86
Gender Inequality Index 101/186
Gender Equity Index 81/168
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index 68/128
Global Gender Gap Index /68
More information on variables

Social Institutions

The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers.

The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.

In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, People's Republic of China has medium levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted physical integrity and higher discrimination in son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data here: republic of china's republic of china


Further reading

  • UNIFEM stories from the field : China Gender Facility: Stories of Women Overcoming Challenges
  • Chen, Y. (2002), Civil Law Development: China and Taiwan, Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs, Spring 2002, Volume 2.
  • Klasen, K. and C. Wink (2003), “Missing Women”: Revisiting the Debate, Feminist Economics 1/2003, Volume 9, Issue 2-3.
  • OECD (2006), The Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base,
  • World Bank (2002), China - Country Gender Review, East Asia Environment & Social Development Unit, June 2002.


The Women, Business and the Law

Where are laws equal for men and women?  

The Women, Business and the Law report presents indicators based on laws and regulations affecting women's prospects as entrepreneurs and employees. Several of these indicators draw on the Gender Law Library, a collection of over 2,000 legal provisions impacting women's economic status. This report does not seek to judge or rank countries, but to provide information to inform discussions about women’s economic rights. Women, Business and the Law provides data covering 6 areas: accessing institutions,using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Read more about the methodology.

For detailed information on China, please visit the Women, Business and
the Law China 


The FAO Gender and Landrights Database

The FAO Gender and Landrights Database contains country level information on social, economic, political and cultural issues related to the gender
FAO logo.jpg
inequalities embedded in those rights. Disparity on land access

is one of the major causes for social and gender in rural areas, and it jeopardizes, as a consequence, rural food security as well as the wellbeing of individuals and families.

Six categories

The Database offers information on the 6 following Categories:

  • National legal frame
  • International treaties and conventions
  • Customary law
  • Land tenure and related Institutions
  • Civil society organizations
  • Selected Land Related Statistics

For detailed information information on China, please visit the report on in the FAO Gender and Landrights Database.


External Links

Article Information
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